Rupert Sheldrake

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Rupert Sheldrake, född 1942, är en brittisk biolog och parapsykolog.

Sheldrake lanserade 1981 teorin om formbildande fält för biologisk utveckling i sin bok "Mot en ny livsvetenskap". Teorin går ut på att fysiologiska och kemiska processer styrs av ett slags minne som har en tendens att återupprepa tidigare skedda processer. Enligt Sheldrakes teori har en molekyl en benägenhet att kristallisera sig enligt tidigare skedda mönster, en råttas färdighet att lyckas ta sig ur en labyrint påverkar andra råttors möjligheter att återupprepa samma bedrift.

Teorin om formbildande fält har inte funnit stöd inom vetenskapen, utan har istället kritiserats hårt. Den har kallats pseudovetenskaplig[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9], evidens för teorin saknas, [10][11][12][13][14], och den motsägs av genetiska och embryologiska rön.[4]

Bibliografi[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Med Ralph Abraham och Terence McKenna:

  • Trialogues at the Edge of the West: chaos, creativity, and the resacralisation of the world, Santa Fe, NM: Bear & Co. Pub., 1992. ISBN 0-939680-97-1.
  • The Evolutionary Mind: trialogues at the edge of the unthinkable, Santa Cruz, CA: Dakota Books, 1997. ISBN 0-9632861-1-0.
  • Chaos, Creativity and Cosmic Consciousness, Rochester, VT: Park Street Press, 2001. ISBN 0-89281-977-4.
  • The Evolutionary Mind: conversations on science, imagination & spirit, Rhinebeck, NY: Monkfish Book Pub. Co., 2005. ISBN 0-9749359-7-2.

Med Matthew Fox:

Källor[redigera | redigera wikitext]

  1. ^ Gardner, M. (1988). The New Age: notes of a fringe-watcher. Prometheus books. ISBN 9781615925773. http://books.google.com/books?id=2ECKIASfKa8C&lpg=PA1&pg=PA112. ”Almost all scientists who have looked into Sheldrake's theory consider it balderdash.” 
  2. ^ Sharma, Ruchir (2012). Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles. WW Norton & Company. ISBN 9780393083835. ”Despite Sheldrake's legitimate scientific credentials, his peers have roundly dismissed his theory as pseudoscience.” 
  3. ^ Samuel, L. R. (2011). Supernatural America: A Cultural History: A Cultural History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313398995. http://books.google.com/books?id=Tg4RNh0XREgC&pg=PA163#v=onepage&q&f=false. ”...most biologists considered Sheldrake's theory of morphic resonance hogwash...” 
  4. ^ [a b] Wolpert, Lewis (11 January 1984). ”A matter of fact or fancy?: SECOND OPINION”. The Guardian: s. 11. 
  5. ^ Maddox, John (24 September 1981). ”A book for burning?”. Nature 293 (5830): sid. 245–246. doi:10.1038/293245b0. Bibcode1981Natur.293R.245.. http://www.project-reason.org/images/uploads/contest/Maddox1981.pdf. ”...Sheldrake's argument is in no sense a scientific argument but is an exercise in pseudo-science.”. 
  6. ^ Rose, S. (March 1992). ”So-called "Formative Causation". A Hypothesis Disconfirmed. Response to Rupert Sheldrake” (PDF). Riv. Biol./Biol. Forum 85: sid. 445–453. http://mres.gmu.edu/pmwiki/uploads/Main/Rose1992.pdf. ”Along with parapsychology, corn circles, creationism, ley-lines and "deep ecology", "formative causation", or "morphic resonance" has many of the characteristics of such pseudosciences...”. 
  7. ^ de Pracontal, M. (1986). L'imposture scientifique en dix leçons. Editions La Découverte 
  8. ^ Jones, David (4 July 1988). ”Books: Captain Morphic – Review of 'THE PRESENCE OF THE PAST' By Rupert Sheldrake”. The Times. 
  9. ^ Coyne, Jerry A. (8 November 2013). ”Pseudoscientist Rupert Sheldrake Is Not Being Persecuted, And Is Not Like Galileo”. The New Republic. http://www.newrepublic.com/article/115533/rupert-sheldrake-fools-bbc-deepak-chopra. 
  10. ^ Hood, Bruce M (2009). Supersense: Why we believe in the unbelievable. HarperOne. sid. 232. ISBN 9780061867934. http://books.google.com/books?id=_ijERHh6DFUC&pg=PA232. ”"The trouble is that, whereas electric and magnetic fields are easily measurable and obey laws, morphic resonance remains elusive and has no demonstrable laws. No other area of science would accept such lawless, weak evidence as proof, which is why the majority of the scientific community has generally dismissed this theory and the evidence."” 
  11. ^ Blackmore, Susan (4 February 2009). ”An idea with resonance: More than anything, Sheldrake's continuing popularity is rooted in our need to believe”. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2009/feb/04/morphic-paranormal-science-sheldrake. 
  12. ^ Rutherford, Adam (6 February 2009). ”A book for ignoring: Sheldrake persists in his claims, despite the fact that there's no evidence for them. This is bad science”. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/belief/2009/feb/05/evolution. Läst 13 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Shermer, Michael. ”Rupert's Resonance”. Scientific American. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=ruperts-resonance. Läst 13 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Rose, Steven (13 April 1988). ”Some facts that just don't resonate: Second opinion”. The Guardian: s. 27.