Clitarchus hookeri

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Clitarchus hookeri
Clitarchus hookeri measured.JPG
Domän Eukaryoter
Rike Djur
Stam Leddjur
Understam Sexfotingar
Klass Egentliga insekter
Ordning Spökskräckor
Familj Phasmatidae
Släkte Clitarchus
Art Clitarchus hookeri
Vetenskapligt namn
§ Clitarchus hookeri
Auktor (White, A., 1846)
Clitarchus tuberculatus Salmon, 1991[1][2][3][4]
Clitarchus interruptelineatus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907[5][6][7]
Clitarchus reductus Hutton, 1899[8][6][9][7][10]
Bacillus coloreus Colenso, 1885[11]
Clitarchus coloreus (Colenso, 1885)[8][9][7][10][12]
Argosarchus minimus (Colenso, 1885)[8][7][13]
Bacillus minimus Colenso, 1885[9][12][11]
Clitarchus laeviusculus Stål, 1875[14][8][6][9][7][10][12][15]
Bacillus hookeri (White, A., 1846)[16][15]
Phasma hookeri White, A., 1846[17]
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Clitarchus hookeri[1][14][18][19][8][6][16][9][20][21][22][2][7][10][3][23][12][15][4][24][25][26][17][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35] är en insektsart som först beskrevs av White, A. 1846. Clitarchus hookeri ingår i släktet Clitarchus och familjen Phasmatidae.[36][37] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life.[36]

Källor[redigera | redigera wikitext]

  1. ^ [a b] Otte & Brock (2005) , Phasmida Species File. Catalog of Stick and Leaf Insects of the world, The Insect Diversity Association at the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 1-414
  2. ^ [a b] Salmon (1991) , The stick insects of New Zealand, Reed Books, New Zealand, Auckland 1-124
  3. ^ [a b] Jewell & Brock (2003[2002]) A review of New Zealand stick insects: new genera and synonymy, keys and a catalogue, Journal of Orthoptera Research (Jour. of Orthoptera Res.) 11(2):189-197
  4. ^ [a b] Morgan-Richards & Trewick (2005) Hybrid origin of a parthenogenetic genus?, Molecular Ecology 14:2133-2142
  5. ^ Weidner (1966) Die entomologischen Sammlungen des Zoologischen Staatsinstituts und Zoologischen Museums Hamburg. VI. Insecta III, Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburger Zoologischen Museum und Institut 63:209-264
  6. ^ [a b c d] Brunner von Wattenwyl (1907) (Usually bound in one volume, Brunner & Redtenbacher 1906-08, published in three parts: Redtenbacher 1906, 1908; Brunner 1907), Die Insektenfamilie der Phasmiden. II. Phasmidae Anareolatae (Clitumnini, Lonchodini, Bacunculini)., Verlag Engelmann, Leipzig Phasmiden:181-338, pls 7-15
  7. ^ [a b c d e f] Wise (1977) A Synonymic checklist of the Hexapoda of the New Zealand Sub-Region The Smaller Orders, Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 11:49-51 (Phasmatodea section)
  8. ^ [a b c d e] Kirby (1904) , A synonymic catalogue of Orthoptera. 1. Orthoptera Euplexoptera, Cursoria et Gressoria. (Forficulidae, Hemimeridae, Blattidae, Mantidae, Phasmidae), The Trustees of the British Museum, London 1:1-501
  9. ^ [a b c d e] Tepper (1903) List of described genera and species of the Australian and Polynesian Phasmidae (Spectre-insects), Transactions of the Royal Society of Southern Australia 26:278-287
  10. ^ [a b c d] Hutton (1899) Revision of the New Zealand Phasmidae, Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Wellington 31:50-59
  11. ^ [a b] Colenso (1885) A description of some newly-discovered New Zealand insects believed to be new to science, Transactions of the Royal Society, New Zealand 17:151-155
  12. ^ [a b c d] Hutton (1898) The Phasmidae of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Wellington 30:160-166
  13. ^ Caudell (1927) Report on the Orthopteroid Insects collected by the Fiji-New Zealand Expedition from the University of Iowa, University of Iowa Studies in Natural History 12(3):3-22
  14. ^ [a b] Stål (1875) Recensio orthopterorum. Revue critique des Orthoptères décrits par Linné, DeGeer et Thunberg. 3., Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 32:1-105
  15. ^ [a b c] Hutton (1881) , Catalogues of the New Zealand Diptera, Orthoptera, Hymenoptera; with Descriptions of the Species, New Zealand Government Printer, Wellington 1-132
  16. ^ [a b] Westwood (1859) , Catalogue of the orthopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part I. Phasmidae., British Museum, London 1-196
  17. ^ [a b] White, A. In Richardson & J.E. Gray (1846) Insects , The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror, 1. Insects of New Zealand, E.W. Janson, London
  18. ^ Brock (2003) Rearing and Studying Stick and Leaf Insects. The Amateur Entomologist 22, Rearing and studying stick and leaf insects, The Amateur Entomologists' Society, London 22
  19. ^ Trewick, Morgan-Richards & L.J. Collins (2008) Are you my mother? Phylogenetic analysis reveals orphan hybrid stick insect genus is part of a monophyletic New Zealand clade, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(3):799-808
  20. ^ Brock (1999) The amazing world of stick and leaf-insects, Amateur Entomologist, Amateur Entomologists Society (Amateur Entomologist) 26:1-165; 40 pp color plates
  21. ^ Günther (1932) Beiträge zur Systematik und Geschichte der Phasmoidenfauna Ozeaniens, Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum, Berlin 17:753-835
  22. ^ Lee, M. (2006) The Stick-insects of Great Britain, Iteland and the Channel Isles, The Phasmid Study Group Newsletter (PSG Newsletter) 107:20-27
  23. ^ Trewick & Morgan-Richards (2005) New Zealand wild stick insects, Reed Children's Books, Reed Children's Books, a division of Reed Publishing (NZ) Ltd 1-33
  24. ^ Trewick, Goldberg & Morgan-Richards (2005) Fewer species of Argosarchus and Clitarchus stick insects (Phasmida, Phasmatinae): evidence from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data, Zoologica Scripta 34(5):483-491
  25. ^ Brock In Mazzini & Scali (1987[1986]) A third New Zealand stick insect (Phasmatodea) established in the British Isles, including a correction , Stick Insects: Phylogeny and reproduction. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Stick Insects, Siena, University of Siena
  26. ^ Salmon (1955) Stick insects, Tuatara 5:77-81
  27. ^ Lee, M. (2009) A 2009 update on the UK's Naturalised Stick-insects, The Phasmid Study Group Newsletter (PSG Newsletter) 119(15-20)
  28. ^ Lee, M. (1998) An updated survey of the distribution of the stick insects of Britain, Phasmid Studies 7(1):18-25
  29. ^ Lee, M. (1995) A survey into the distribution of the stick insects of Britain, Phasmid Studies 4(1):15-23
  30. ^ Ragge (1973) The British Orthoptera: a supplement, Entomologists Gazette (Entomol. Gaz.) 24:227-245
  31. ^ Buckley, Attanayake, D. Park, Ravindran, Jewell & (2008) Investigating hybridization in the parthenogenetic New Zealand stick insect Acanthoxyla (Phasmatodea) using single-copy nuclear loci, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48:335-349
  32. ^ Brock (1995) Notes on the Smooth Stick-Insect Clitarchus hookeri (White) in Tresco Abbey Gardens, Brics Journal, University of Exeter 1:11-14
  33. ^ Stringer (1970) The nymphal and imaginal stages of the bisexual stick insect Clitarchus hookeri (Phasmidae: Phasminae), New Zealand Entomologist (New Zealand Entom.) 4:85-95
  34. ^ Salmon (1955) Parthenogenesis in New Zealand Stick Insects, Transactions of the Royal Society, New Zealand 82(5):1189-1192
  35. ^ Buckley, Marske & Attanayake (2010) Phylogeography and ecological niche modelling of the New Zealand stick insect Clitarchus hookeri (White) support survival in multiple coastal refugia, Journal of Biogeography ((J. Biogeogr.) 37:682–695
  36. ^ [a b] Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). ”Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.”. Species 2000: Reading, UK. Läst 24 september 2012. 
  37. ^ PhasmidaSF: Phasmida Species File . Brock P., 2010-04-14