Japan Airlines

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Japan Airlines
JAL Boeing 747-400 i nytt färgschema
Flygfakta
CallsignJAPANAIR
IATAJL
ICAOJAL
BaserNaritas internationella flygplats
Haneda
FlygnavKansai International Airport
Osaka International Airport
BonusprogramJAL Mileage Bank
MedlemsklubbSAKURA Lounge
Buy on boardNej
AlliansOneworld
WOW Cargo Alliance
Flottstorlek167
Destinationer92
Företagsfakta
HuvudkontorJapan Japan, Tokyo
Historia
Grundat1951
Övrigt
WebbplatsJapan Airlines

Japan Airlines grundades 1951 och började med internationella flygningar 1954 och är Asiens största flygbolag. Japan Airlines Corporation leder två flygbolag. Japan Airlines International skötte den internationella reguljärflygstrafiken, medan Japan Airlines Domestic flög inom Japan.

Den 19 januari 2010 begärde flygbolaget konkursskydd efter flera år av enorma förluster samt skulder på 178 miljarder kronor. Meningen med konkurskyddet är att genomföra en rekonstruktion av bolaget. Konkursen av flygbolaget är den sjätte största i Japan genom tiderna[1]

Flotta[redigera | redigera wikitext]

One of the airline's Boeing 737-800 narrow-body aircraft on approach to Tokyo's Haneda Airport in 2012
A Boeing 767-300ER on approach to Haneda Airport in 2012
A Boeing 777-200 departs from Osaka's Itami Airport in 2015
A Boeing 787-8 on approach to Osaka Kansai Airport, 2015

As of November 2017, Japan Airlines operates an all-Boeing fleet of 162 aircraft.[2][3] In October 2013, JAL ordered 31 Airbus A350s.[4]

Japan Airlines fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
F J W Y Total Refs
Airbus A350-900 18 TBA[5]
Airbus A350-1000 13 TBA[5]
Boeing 737-800 50 20 145 165 [6] Domestic configuration
12 132 144 International configuration
Boeing 767-300 6 42 219 261 [7]
Boeing 767-300ER 28 5 42 205 252 [8] Domestic configuration
One aircraft painted in Oneworld livery
42 219 261
30 207 237 Older International configuration
30 197 227
24 175 199 International configuration
Boeing 777-200 12 14 82 279 375 [9] One aircraft painted in Oneworld livery
Boeing 777-200ER 11 42 40 154 236 [10] Two aircraft painted in Oneworld livery
56 40 149 245 To be converted to 236-seat configuration[11]
Boeing 777-300 4 78 422 500 [12] One aircraft painted in Oneworld livery
Boeing 777-300ER 13 8 49 40 147 244 [13] One aircraft painted in Oneworld livery
Boeing 787-8 25 4[14] 42 144 186 [15]
38 35 88 161
Boeing 787-9 11 9 44 35 116 195 [16]
Total 162 44

Fleet notes As the Japanese government plan to add more slots at Tokyo’s Haneda Airport by 2020, Japan Airlines intends to order more widebodies for growth in 2018 or 2019: it could exercise its 25 options on Airbus A350s on top of its 31 firm orders, due for delivery from 2019, and study others like the proposed Boeing New Midsize Airplane or the 787-10 to add to its 787-9 with 10 remaining to be delivered.[17]

Japan Airlines operates a mixture of narrow-body and wide-body aircraft. The airline provides economy class service on all routes; business class (J) service with larger seats in the cabin front on most major domestic routes; premium economy on some international routes; business class on most long-haul and some short-haul international routes; and first class on some long-haul and domestic routes.

On December 5th 2017, JAL announced it had invested $10 Million in the aircraft manufacturer Boom Supersonic, who is currently developing a new supersonic commercial airliner capable of seating up to 55 passengers. In exchange for their funding, JAL will be able to pre-order up to 20 Boom aircraft.[18]

Cargo[redigera | redigera wikitext]

JAL Cargo ended dedicated freighter aircraft operations in October 2010 after more than 30 years of service. It operated both propeller and jet aircraft through the years, most recently Boeing 747-400s (including aircraft converted from passenger to freighter configuration) and Boeing 767-300Fs. Limited cargo activity is now maintained through JAL's passenger aircraft lower deck holds.

Former fleet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

A Boeing 727-100 at Tokyo's Haneda Airport in 1964
A Boeing 747-100SR aircraft taxiing on the tarmac
JAL Boeing 747-100BSR/SUD with stretched upper deck in 1987
JAL Cargo Boeing 747-400BCF just after takeoff from London Heathrow Airport in 2007
A Convair 880 at Los Angeles International Airport in 1964
A Douglas DC-8-53 in New York in 1970

Japan Airlines has previously used the following aircraft types:[19][20]

Japan Airlines historical fleet
Aircraft Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A300-600R 2006 2011 Taken over from merged Japan Air System
Beechcraft H18[21] 1969 Mall:Unknown Used for pilot training[22]
Boeing 727-100 1965 1988
Boeing 737-400 1995 2003
Boeing 747-100 1970 2002 Launch customer
Boeing 747-100SF 1977 1992 Operated by JAL Cargo
Boeing 747SR-100 1973 2005 Launch customer
One was written off as Japan Airlines Flight 123
Boeing 747SR-100/SUD 1986 2006
Boeing 747-200B 1971 2007
Boeing 747-200F 1991 2008 Operated by JAL Cargo
Boeing 747-200SF 1974 2007 Operated by JAL Cargo
Boeing 747-300B 1986 2009
Boeing 747-400D 1990 2012
Boeing 767-200 1985 2011
Boeing 767-300ERF 2007 2010 Operated by JAL Cargo
Convair 880 1961 1971
Dassault Falcon 20 Mall:Unknown Mall:Unknown
Douglas DC-3 1951 1951 Operated invitational flights for three days in August 1951, prior to the airline inaugurating scheduled flights in October
Douglas DC-4 1952 1964
Douglas DC-6B 1954 1969 Operated the airline's inaugural international flight
Some converted from passenger- to cargo configuration
Douglas DC-7C 1958 1965 Some converted from passenger- to cargo configuration
Douglas DC-8-30 1960 1975
Douglas DC-8-50 1962 1982 One was written off as Japan Airlines Flight 471
Douglas DC-8-60 1968 1988
Douglas DC-8-60F 1968 1988
Martin 2-0-2 1951 Mall:Unknown Operated the airline's inaugural scheduled flight
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-40 1976 2005
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 1993 2004
McDonnell Douglas MD-81 2006 2010
McDonnell Douglas MD-87 2006 2008
McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 2006 2013
NAMC YS-11 Mall:Unknown Mall:Unknown Two aircraft used for a year, one for passenger and one for postal flights

Referenser[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Noter
  1. ^ E24.se (2010-01-19) JAL lämnar in konkursansökan Läst 19 januari 2010
  2. ^ ”World Airliner Census 2017”. Flight International. 15 August 2017. https://www.flightglobal.com/asset/18365. 
  3. ^ ”Domestic aircraft and seat configurations”. Domestic aircraft and seat configurations. Japan Airlines. http://www.jal.co.jp/en/5971/seatmap/seatmap.html. 
  4. ^ JAL selects Airbus A350s as it seeks to down-size aircraft capacity due to competition and costs”. CAPA Centre for Aviation. 7 oktober 2013. https://centreforaviation.com/insights/analysis/jal-selects-airbus-a350s-as-it-seeks-to-down-size-aircraft-capacity-due-to-competition-and-costs-132167. 
  5. ^ [a b] Airbus (7 Oct 2013). "Airbus and Japan Airlines sign their first ever order". Pressmeddelande.
  6. ^ ”Japan Airlines 737 seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 737 seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/737.html. 
  7. ^ ”Japan Airlines 767-300 seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 767-300 seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/767.html. Läst 7 december 2017. 
  8. ^ ”Japan Airlines 767-300ER seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 767-300ER seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/763.html. Läst 7 december 2017. 
  9. ^ ”Japan Airlines 777-200 seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 777-200 seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/772.html. Läst 9 december 2017. 
  10. ^ ”Japan Airlines 777-200ER seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 777-200ER seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/777er.html. Läst 7 december 2017. 
  11. ^ ”JAL to Upgrade Business Class Seat on Its International Boeing 777-200ER”. JAL to Upgrade Business Class Seat on Its International Boeing 777-200ER. 22 March 2016. http://press.jal.co.jp/en/release/201603/003711.html. Läst 26 september 2016. 
  12. ^ ”Japan Airlines 777-300 seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 777-300 seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/773.html. Läst 9 december 2017. 
  13. ^ ”Japan Airlines 777-300ER seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 777-300ER seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/777.html. 
  14. ^ Boeing Mediaroom (September 20, 2017). "Boeing, Japan Airlines Announce Order for Four 787-8 Dreamliners". Pressmeddelande. Läst September 20, 2017.
  15. ^ ”Japan Airlines 787-8 seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 787-8 seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/787.html. Läst 7 december 2017. 
  16. ^ ”Japan Airlines 787-9 seat configuration”. Japan Airlines 787-9 seat configuration. Japan Airlines. https://www.jal.co.jp/en/aircraft/conf/789.html. 
  17. ^ Adrian Schofield (6 november 2017). ”Japan Airlines Considers Fleet-Plan Options”. Aviation Week Network. http://aviationweek.com/commercial-aviation/japan-airlines-considers-fleet-plan-options. 
  18. ^ https://futurism.com/supersonic-flight-atlantic-half-time/
  19. ^ ”History of Aircraft”. History of Aircraft. Japan Airlines. http://www.jal.com/en/history/aircraft/index_50s.html. 
  20. ^ ”Japan Airlines Fleet Details and History”. Japan Airlines Fleet Details and History. 1 December 2017. https://www.planespotters.net/airline/Japan-Airlines/historicFleet. 
  21. ^ ”World Airline Directory – Japan Air Lines” (PDF). Flight International. Reed Business Information. 1975-03-20. 490. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1975/1975%20-%200554.html. Läst 6 september 2009. 
  22. ^ Phillips, Edward H. (1992). Beechcraft: Pursuit of Perfection; A History of Beechcraft Airplanes. Eagan, Minnesota: Flying Books. sid. 27. ISBN 0-911139-11-7 

Externa länkar[redigera | redigera wikitext]