Murray Bookchin

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Murray Bookchin, född 14 januari 1921, död 30 juli 2006, var en amerikansk ekoanarkist[1]. Han inledde sin bana som marxist[2], men övergick under 1960 - talet till anarkism. Bookchin anses vara en bidragande faktor till miljörörelsens framväxt med hans Our synthetic Environment (1962). Bookchin förespråkar kommunalism[3], konfedererade kommuner[4] med relativ självförsörjning[5], därmed ligger hans tankegångar nära Peter Kropotkins och Gustav Landauers, med tillägget om ett socialekologiskt samhälle. Institutet för socialekologi i USA är till stor del en avknoppning från Bookchins kritik av det industriella samhället, där utbildningar i socialekologisk hållbarhet erbjuds.

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  1. ^ Murray Bookchin, Ecology and Revolutionary Thought (1964) An anarchist society should be a decentralized society, not only to establish a lasting basis for the harmonization of man and nature, but also to add new dimensions to the harmonization of man and man.
  2. ^ Janet Biehl, A Short Biography of Murray Bookchin In 1930 he entered the Communist youth movement, joining first the Young Pioneers and then the Young Communist League, serving as education director for his branch.
  3. ^ Murray Bookchin, What is Communalism?, The Democratic Dimension of Anarchism (2001) I wish to propose that the democratic and potentially practicable dimension of the libertarian goal be expressed as Communalism, a term that, unlike political terms that once stood unequivocally for radical social change, has not been historically sullied by abuse. Even ordinary dictionary definitions of Communalism, I submit, capture to a great degree the vision of a "Commune of communes" that is being lost by current Anglo-American trends that celebrate anarchy variously as "chaos," as a mystical "oneness" with "nature," as self-fulfillment or as "ecstasy," but above all as personalistic.
  4. ^ Murray Bookchin, What is Communalism?, The Democratic Dimension of Anarchism (2001) It is important to emphasize that libertarian municipalism--or Communalism, as I have called it here--is a developing outlook, a politics that seeks ultimately to achieve the "Commune of communes." As such, it tries to provide a directly democratic confederal alternative to the state and to a centralized bureaucratic society.
  5. ^ Murray Bookchin, Ecology and Revolutionary Thought (1964) A relatively self-sufficient community, visibly dependent on its environment for the means of life, would gain a new respect for the organic interrelationships that sustain it. In the long run, the attempt to approximate self-sufficiency would, I think, prove more efficient than the prevailing system of a national division of labor that prevails today.