Padma Vibhushan

Från Wikipedia
Hoppa till: navigering, sök
Padma Vibhushan

Padma Vibhushan är Indiens näst högsta civila utmärkelse. Priset består av en medalj och ett citat och delas ut av Indiens president. Det fastställdes den 2 januari 1954. Det rankas efter Bharat Ratna och före Padma Bhushan. Det delas ut till personer som på något sätt tjänat nationen på ett högre plan, inklusive statlig tjänstgöring.

Historia[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Priset inrättades genom ett presidentdekret den 2 januari 1954. Padma Vibhushan upprättades ursprungligen som "Pahela Varg" (Första klass) i en tre-klassig Padma Vibhushan-prisskala. Strukturen ändrades emellertid under 1955 och det finns inga uppgifter om att priset skulle presenteras till mottagare enligt den ursprungliga strukturen. Utmärkelsen delades inte ut mellan 1977 och 1980 och inte heller mellan 1992 och 1998.

I slutet av 2009, har 264 människor tilldelats denna ära.[1][2]

Pristagare[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Namn
1954 Satyendranath Bose
1954 Zakir Hussain
1954 Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher
1954 Jigme Dorje Wangchuck
1954 Nand Lal Bose
1954 V. K. Krishna Menon
1955 Dhondo Keshav Karve
1955 Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata
1956 Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
1956 Fazal Ali
1956 Jankibai Bajaj
1957 Ghanshyam Das Birla
1957 Motilal Chimanlal Setalvad
1957 Shriprakash
1959 John Matthai
1959 Radhnobinod Pal
1959 Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta
1960 Naryana Raghvan Pillai
1962 V. R. Krishna Iyer
1962 Padmaja Naidu
1962 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
1963 A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar
1963 Suniti Kumar Chatterji
1963 Hari Vinayak Pataskar
1964 Gopinath Kaviraj
1964 Acharya Kalelkar
1965 Arjan Singh
1965 Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri
1965 Mehdi Nawaz Jung
1966 Valerian Kardinal Gracias
1967 Bhola Nath Jha
1967 Chandra Kisan Daphtary
1967 Hafix Mohammed Ibrahim
1967 Pattadakal Venkanna R. Rao
1968 Mahadev Srihari Ane
1968 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
1968 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
1968 K. Vaidyanatha Kalyana Sundaram
1968 Kripal Singh
1969 Har Gobind Khorana
1969 Mohan Sinha Mehta
1969 Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi
1969 Ghananand Pande
1969 Rajeshwar Dayal
1970 Binay Ranjan Sen
1970 Tara Chand
1970 Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam
1970 Suranjan Das
1970 Harbaksh Singh
1970 A. Rameswami Mudaliar
1970 Anthony Lancelot Dias
1971 Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar
1971 Balaram Sivaraman
1971 Bimal Prasad Chaliha
1971 Uday Shankar
1971 Sumati Morarjee
1971 Allauddin Khan
1972 S. M. Nanda
1972 Pratap Chandra Lal
1972 Aditya Nath Jha
1972 Jivraj N. Mehta
1972 P. Balacharya Gajendragadkar
1972 Vikram Sarabhai
1972 Sam Manekshaw
1972 Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq
1972 Hormasji Maneckji Seervai
1973 Daulat Singh Kothari
1973 Nagendra Singh
1973 Tirumalrao Swaminathan
1973 U. N. Dhebar
1973 Basanti Devi
1973 Nellie Sengupta
1974 V. Kasturi Ranga Varadarja Rao
1974 Binode Behari Mukherjee
1974 Harish Chandra Sarin
1974 Niren De
1975 Basanti Dulal Nag Chaudhuri
1975 Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh
1975 Durgabai Deshmukh
1975 Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey
1975 Raja Ramanna
1975 Homi Nusserwanji Sethna
1975 M. S. Subbulakshmi
1975 Mary Clubwala Jadhav
1976 Bashir Hussain Zaidi
1976 Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan
1976 Kalu Lal Shrimali
1976 Giani Gurmukh Singh Mussafir
1976 Keshava Shankar Pillai
1976 Salim Moizuddin Ali Abdul
1976 Satyajit Ray
1977 Om Prakash Mehra
1977 Ajudhia Nath Khosla
1977 Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee
1977 Ali Yavar Jung
1977 Chandreshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
1977 T. Balasaraswati
1980 Rai Krishnadasa
1980 Bismillah Khan
1981 Satish Dhawan
1981 Ravi Shankar
1982 Mira Behn
1985 C. N. R. Rao
1985 Mambillikalathil Kumar Menon
1986 Autar Singh Paintal
1986 Birju Maharaj
1986 Murlidhar Devidas Amte
1987 Benjamin Peary Pal
1987 Manmohan Singh
1987 Arun Shridhar Vaidya
1987 Kamladevi Chattopadhyay
1988 Kuppalli Venkatappa Puttappa
1988 Mirza Hameedullah Beg
1989 M. S. Swaminathan
1989 Umashankar Dikshit
1989 Ali Akbar Khan
1990 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
1990 Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer
1990 Vallmpadugai Srinivasa Raghavan Arunachalam
1990 Bhabatosh Dutta
1990 Sirivaputra Sidhram Komkali
1990 Triloki Nath Chaturvedi
1991 Indraprasad Gordhanbhai Patel
1991 Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna
1991 Hirendra Nath Mukherjee
1991 N. G. Ranga
1991 Rajaram Shastri
1991 Gulzarilal Nanda
1991 Khusro Faramurz Rustamji
1991 Maqbul Fida Husain
1992 Mallikarjun Bheemarayappa Mansur
1992 Rajaram Vankudre Shantaram
1992 Sivaramakrishna Iyer Padmavati
1992 Lakshmanshastri Joshi
1992 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
1992 Govinddas Shroff
1992 Kaloji Narayana Rao
1992 Ravi Narayan Reddy
1992 Swaran Singh
1992 Aruna Asaf Ali
1998 Lakshmi Sehgal
1998 Usha Mehta
1998 Nani Ardeshir Palkhivala
1998 Walter Sisulu
1999 Rajagopala Chidambaram
1999 Sarvepalli Gopal
1999 Verghese Kurien
1999 Hans Raj Khanna
1999 V. R. Krishna Iyer
1999 Lata Mangeshkar
1999 Bhimsen Joshi
1999 Braj Kumar Nehru
1999 Dharma Vira
1999 Lallan Prasad Singh
1999 Nana Deshmukh
1999 Pandurang Shastri Athavale
1999 Satish Gujral
1999 D. K. Pattammal
2000 Krishen Behari Lall
2000 Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan
2000 Manohar Singh Gill
2000 Kelucharan Mohapatra
2000 Hariprasad Chaurasia
2000 Jasraj
2000 Jagdish Natwarlal Bhagwati
2000 K. N. Raj
2000 Bhairab Dutt Pande
2000 Maidavolu Narasmiham
2000 R. K. Narayan
2000 Sikander Bakht
2000 Tarlok Singh
2001 C. R. Rao
2001 Chakravarthi Vijayaraghava Narasimhan
2001 Shiv Kumar Sharma
2001 Man Mohan Sharma
2001 Amjad Ali Khan
2001 Benjamin Arthur Gilman
2001 Hosei Norota
2001 Hrishikesh Mukherjee
2001 John Kenneth Galbraith
2001 Kotta Satchidananda Murty
2001 Zubin Mehta
2002 Chakravthi Rangarajan
2002 Gangubai Hangal
2002 Kishan Maharaj
2002 Soli Jehangir Sorabjee
2002 Kishori Amonkar
2003 Bal Ram Nanda
2003 Kazi Lhendup Dorji Khangsarpa
2003 Sonal Mansingh
2003 Bhrihaspati Dev Triguna
2004 Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah
2004 Amrita Pritam
2004 Jayant Narlikar
2005 B. K. Goyal
2005 Karan Singh
2005 Mohan Dharia
2005 Ram Narayan
2005 Marthanda Varma Sankaran Valiathan
2005 Jyotindra Nath Dixit
2005 Milon Kumar Banerji
2005 R. K. Laxman
2006 Norman Borlaug
2006 V. N. Khare
2006 Mahasweta Devi
2006 Nirmala Deshpande
2006 Obaid Siddiqui
2006 Prakash Narain Tandon
2006 Adoor Gopalakrishnan
2006 C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao
2006 Charles Correa
2007 Raja Jesudoss Chelliah
2007 Venkataraman Krishnamurthy
2007 Balu Sankaran
2007 Fali Sam Nariman
2007 Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati
2007 Khushwant Singh
2007 Raja Rao
2007 N. N. Vohra
2007 Naresh Chandra
2007 George Sudarshan
2008 Viswanathan Anand
2008 Rajendra Pachauri
2008 Sachin Tendulkar
2008 N. R. Narayana Murthy
2008 E. Sreedharan
2008 Lakshmi Mittal
2008 Adarsh Sein Anand
2008 P. N. Dhar
2008 P. R. S. Oberoi
2008 Asha Bhosle
2008 Edmund Hillary
2008 Ratan Tata
2008 Pranab Mukherjee
2009 Chandrika Prasad Srivastava
2009 Sunderlal Bahuguna
2009 D. P. Chattopadhyaya
2009 Sister Nirmala
2009 Jasbir Singh Bajaj
2009 Govind Narain
2009 G. Madhavan Nair
2009 Purshotam Lal
2009 Anil Kakodkar
2009 A. S. Ganguly
2010 Ebrahim Alkazi
2010 Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman
2010 Zohra Segal
2010 Y. Venugopal Reddy
2010 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
2010 Prathap Chandra Reddy

Referenser[redigera | redigera wikitext]

  1. ^ ”Padma Vibhushan Awardees”. Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. http://india.gov.in/myindia/padmavibhushan_awards_list1.php. Läst 28 juni 2009. 
  2. ^ Ministry of Home Affairs (25 January 2010). ”This Year's Padma Awards announced”. Pressmeddelande. Läst 25 januari 2010.