Kvävmatt

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Den här artikeln använder algebraisk schacknotation för att beskriva schackdragen.

I schack är kvävmatt en speciell typ av schackmatt som utförs av en springare där den mattade kungen inte kan förflytta sig eftersom denna är omgiven (eller kvävd, därav namnet) av sina egna pjäser. Kvävmatt förekommer i praktiken ytterst sällan men det finns ett fåtal exempel från rejäla partier.

Exempel[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Timman vs. Short, 1990

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Vit schackar den svarta kungen från c4 (bild). Det enda möjliga draget för svart är att fly till h8.
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8{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black rook{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king8
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5{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king5
4{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white queen{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black knight{{{square}}} black king4
3{{{square}}} black queen{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king3
2{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn2
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Springaren levererar schack på h8 och blockerar damens attack på g8 (bild), kungen måste flytta tillbaka.
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7{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} white rook{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black pawn7
6{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white knight6
5{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king5
4{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white queen{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black knight{{{square}}} black king4
3{{{square}}} black queen{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king3
2{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn2
1{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white king{{{square}}} black king1
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Dubbelschack: springaren levererar schack på g8 tillsammans med damen (bild), kungen måste igen fly till h8.
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8{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black rook{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white queen{{{square}}} black king8
7{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} white rook{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black pawn7
6{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white knight6
5{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king5
4{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black knight{{{square}}} black king4
3{{{square}}} black queen{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king3
2{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn2
1{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white king{{{square}}} black king1
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Nu är rutan g8 garderad så damen kan smita in (bild). Det enda möjliga draget för svart är att slå damen med tornet.
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7{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} white rook{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} white knight{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black pawn7
6{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king6
5{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king5
4{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black knight{{{square}}} black king4
3{{{square}}} black queen{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king3
2{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} white pawn{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white pawn2
1{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} black king{{{square}}} white king{{{square}}} black king1
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Springaren levererar schackmatt från f7. Kungen är helt instängd, "kvävd", av sina egna pjäser.