Oscar för bästa kortfilmsdokumentär

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Nedan följer en lista över vinnare och nominerade av en Oscar för Bästa kortfilmsdokumentär, (Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject)). Kategorin kallas även ibland för Bästa dokumentärkortfilm och dokumentära kortfilm. Den här kategorin infördes på Oscarsgalan 1942, och har delats ut varje år sedan dess, med undantag för 1958. Under andra världskrigets år handlade filmerna ofta om kriget, framförallt de allierades insatser. Vinnarna presenteras överst i fetstil och med gul färg, och de övriga nominerade för samma år följer under. Året gäller det år som filmerna släpptes, och parentesen under för vilken Oscarsgala de nominerades på.

1940-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Notering:Oscarsgalan 1943 nominerades 25 filmer i kategorin dokumentär, där fyra speciella priser delades ut till filmer som behandlade de allierades insatser i andra världskriget.

År Film Producent(er)
1941
(14:e)
Churchill's Island National Film Board of Canada
Adventure in the Bronx Film Associates
Bomber U.S. Office for Emergency Management Film Unit
Christmas Under Fire British Ministry of Information
A Letter from Home British Ministry of Information
Life of a Thoroughbred 20th Century-Fox
Norway in Revolt March of Time
A Place to Live Philadelphia Housing Authority
Russian Soil Amkino
Soldiers of the Sky 20th Century-Fox
Warclouds in the Pacific National Film Board of Canada
1942
(15:e)
The Battle of Midway
Motivering: En särskild utmärkelse till The Battle of Midway för det historiska värdet av dess prestation i att erbjuda en filminspelning av en av de mer avgörande striderna i världen - En inspelning unik både för modet hos dem som gjorde det under eld, och för dess magnifika porträtt av det galanteri av våra väpnade styrkor i strid.
USA:s flotta
Kokoda Front Line!
Motivering: En särskild utmärkelse till Kokoda Front Line! för dess effektivitet i att porträttera, enkelt men kraftfullt, skådeplatsen för kriget i Nya Guinea och för dess rörande presentation av mod och styrka hos våra australiska vapenbröder.
Australian News & Information Bureau
Moscow Strikes Back
Motivering: En särskild utmärkelse till Moscow Strikes Back för sin levande presentation av hjältemod i den ryska armén och det ryska folket i försvaret av Moskva, och för deras prestation att göra så under förhållanden med extrem svårighet och fara.
Artkino
Prelude to War
Motivering: En särskild utmärkelse till Prelude to War för sin bitande, autentiska och omrörande dramatisering av händelserna som tvingade vår nation in i kriget och de ideal som vi kämpar för.
United States Army Special Services
Africa, Prelude to Victory The March of Time
Combat Report Signal Corps
Conquer by the Clock Frederic Ullman
The Grain That Built a Hemisphere Walt DisneyWalt Disney Productions
Henry Browne, Farmer USA:s jordbruksdepartement
High over the Borders National Film Board of Canada
High Stakes in the East The Netherlands Information Bureau
Inside Fighting China National Film Board of Canada
It's Everybody's War U.S. Office of War Information
Listen to Britain British Ministry of Information
Little Belgium Belgian Ministry of Information
Little Isles of Freedom Victor Stoloff och Edgar Loew
Mr. Blabbermouth! U.S. Office of War Information
Mr. Gardenia Jones U.S. Office of War Information
The New Spirit Walt DisneyWalt Disney Productions
The Price of Victory William H. Pine
A Ship Is Born United States Merchant Marine
Twenty-One Miles British Ministry of Information
We Refuse to Die William C. Thomas
The White Eagle Concanen Films
Winning Your Wings US Army Air Forces
1943
(16:e)
December 7th USA:s flotta
Children of Mars RKO Radio
Plan for Destruction MGM
Vi i Amerika U.S. Office of War Information
To the People of the United States Walter Wanger Prods.
Tomorrow We Fly U.S. Navy Bureau of Aeronautics
Youth in Crisis March of Time
1944
(17:e)
With the Marines at Tarawa USA:s marinkår
Hymn of the Nations U.S. Office of War Information
New Americans RKO Radio
1945
(18:e)
Hitler Lives Gordon Hollingshead
Library of Congress U.S. Office of War Information
To the Shores of Iwo Jima USA:s marinkår
1946
(19:e)
Seeds of Destiny U.S. War Department
Atomic Power 20th Century-Fox
Life at the Zoo Artkino
Paramount News Issue#37 Paramount Pictures
Traffic with the Devil MGM
1947
(20:e)
First Steps United Nations Division of Films and Visual Education
Passport to Nowhere Frederic Ullman Jr.
School in the Mailbox Australian News and Information Bureau
1948
(21:a)
Toward Independence USA:s armé
Heart to Heart Herbert Morgan
Operation Vittles US Army Air Forces
1949
(22:a)
Delad vinst: A Chance to Live Richard De Rochemont
Delad vinst: So Much for So Little Edward Selzer
1848 French Cinema General Cooperative
The Rising Tide St. Francis-Xavier University Nova Scotia

1950-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
1950
(23:e)
Why Korea? Edmund Reek
The Fight: Science Against Cancer National Film Board of Canada, Medical Film Institute of the Association of American Medical Colleges
The Stairs Film Documents Inc.
1951
(24:e)
Benjy Fred Zinnemann
One Who Came Back Owen Crump
The Seeing Eye Gordon Hollingshead
1952
(25:e)
Neighbours Norman McLaren
Devil Take Us Herbert Morgan
Epeira Diadema Alberto Ancilotto
Man Alive! Stephen Bosustow
1953
(26:e)
The Alaskan Eskimo Walt Disney
The Living City John Barnes
Operation Blue Jay Signal Corps
They Planted a Stone James Carr
The Word John Healy, John Adams
1954
(27:e)
Thursday's Children World Wide Pictures, Morse Films
Jet Carrier Otto Lang
Rembrandt: A Self-Portrait Morrie Roizman
1955
(28:e)
Men Against the Arctic Walt Disney
The Battle of Gettysburg Dore Schary
The Face of Lincoln Wilbur T. Blume
1956
(29:e)
The True Story of the Civil War Louis Clyde Stoumen
A City Decides Charles Guggenheim & Assocs.
The Dark Wave John Healy
The House Without a Name Valentine Davies
Disneyland Ward Kimball, avsnittet "Man in Space (#1.20)".
1957
(30:e)
Inget pris gavs ut detta år
1958
(31:a)
Ama Girls Ben Sharpsteen
Employees Only Kenneth G. Brown
Journey Into Spring Ian Ferguson
The Living Stone Tom Daly
Oeuverture Thorold Dickinson
1959
(32:a)
Glas Bert Haanstra
Kalle i mattemagikens land Walt Disney
From Generation to Generation Edward F. Cullen

Notering: I ett pressmeddelande av amerikanska filmakademien 2005, fastslog de att vinnarna Benjy (1951) och Neighbours (1952) är med i gruppen över filmer som inte bara tävlade, utan även vann en Oscar i helt fel kategori. Benjy, som är regisserad av Fred Zinnemann och berättad av Henry Fonda, är en fiktiv historia om en handikappad pojk. Filmen användes som en pengainsamling till Los Angeles Orthopedic Hospital. Norman McLarens Neighbours, som idag skulle ha tävlat i bästa animerade kortfilm, använde sig av "pixilation", (animering där man använder sig av riktiga människor), för att skapa en allegori av krig.

1960-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
1960
(33:e)
Giuseppina James Hill
Beyond Silence U.S. Information Agency
En by ved navn København Statens Filmcentral
George Grosz' Interregnum Charles Carey, Altina Carey
Universe Colin Low
1961
(34:e)
Project Hope Frank P. Bibas
Breaking the Language Barrier US Army Air Forces
Cradle of Genius Jim O'Connor, Tom Hayes
Kahl Dido-Film-GmbH
L'uomo in grigio Benedetto Benedetti
1962
(35:e)
Dylan Thomas Jack Howells
The John Glenn Story William L. Hendricks
The Road to the Wall Robert Saudek
1963
(36:e)
Chagall Simon Schiffrin
The Five Cities of June George Stevens Jr.
The Spirit of America Algernon G. Wlaker
Thirty Million Letters Edgar Anstey
To Live Again Mel London
1964
(37:e)
Nine from Little Rock Guggenheim Productions
Breaking the Habit Henry Jacobs, John Korty
Children Without Guggenheim Productions
Eskimo Artist: Kenojuak National Film Board of Canada
140 Days Under the World Geoffrey Scott, Oxley Hughan
1965
(38:e)
To Be Alive! Francis Thompson
Mural on Our Street Kirk Smallman
Nyitany Hungarofilm
Point of View National Tuberculosis Assoc.
Yeats Country Patrick Carey, Joe Mendoza
1966
(39:e)
A Year Toward Tomorrow Edmond Levy
Adolescence Marin Karmitz, Vladimir Forgency
Cowboy Michael Ahnemann, Gary Schlosser
The Odds Against Lee R. Bobker, Helen Kristt Radin
Részletek J.S. Bach Máté passiójából Hungarofilm
1967
(40:e)
The Redwoods Mark Harris, Trevor Greenwood
Monument to the Dream Charles Guggenheim
A Place to Stand Christopher Chapman
See You at the Pillar Robert Fitchet
While I Run This Race Carl V. Ragsdale
1968
(41:a)
Why Man Creates Saul Bass
The House That Ananda Built Fali Bilimoria
The Revolving Door Lee R. Bobker
A Space to Grow Thomas P. Kelly Jr.
A Way Out of the Wilderness Dan E. Weisburd
1969
(42:a)
Czechoslovakia 1968 Denis Sanders, Robert M. Fresco
An Impression of John Steinbeck: Writer Donald Wrye
Jenny Is a Good Thing Joan Horvath
Leo Beuerman Arthur H. Wolf, Russell A. Mosser
The Magic Machines Joan Keller Stern

1970-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
1970
(43:e)
Interviews with My Lai Veterans Joseph Strick
The Gifts Robert D. McBride
A Long Way from Nowhere Bob Aller
Oisin Vivien Carey, Patrick Carey
Time Is Running Out Horst Dallmayr, Robert Ménégoz
1971
(44:e)
Centinelas del silencio Manuel Arango, Robert Amram
Adventures in Perception Han Van Gelder
Art Is... Julian Krainin, DeWitt Sage
The Numbers Start with the River Donald Wrye
Somebody Waiting Hal Riney, Dick Snider, Woody Omens
1972
(45:e)
Deze kleine wereld Charles Huguenot van der Linden, Martina Huguenot van der Linden
Hundertwasser Regentag Peter Schamoni
K-Z Giorgio Treves
Selling Out Tadeusz Jaworski
The Tide of Traffic Humphrey Swingler
1973
(46:e)
Princeton: A Search for Answers Julian Krainin, DeWitt Sage
Background Carmen D'Avino
Paisti ag obair Louis Marcus
Christo's Valley Curtain Albert Maysles, David Maysles
Four Stones for Kanemitsu Terry Sanders, June Wayne
1974
(47:e)
Don't Robin Lehman
City Out of Wilderness Francis Thompson
Exploratorium Jon Boorstin
John Muir's High Sierra Dewitt Jones, Lesley Foster
Naked Yoga Ronald S. Kass, Mervyn Lloyd
1975
(48:e)
The End of the Game Claire Wilbur, Robin Lehman
Arthur and Lillie Jon Else, Steven Kovacs, Kristine Samuelson
Millions of Years Ahead of Man Manfred Baier
Probes in Space George Casey
Whistling Smith Barrie Howells, Michael Scott
1976
(49:e)
Number Our Days Lynne Littman
American Shoeshine Sparky Greene
Blackwood Tony Ianzelo, Andy Thomson
The End of the Road John Armstrong
Universe Lester Novros
1977
(50:e)
Gravity Is My Enemy John C. Joseph, Jan Stussy
Agueda Martinez: Our People, Our Country Moctesuma Esparza
First Edition Helen Whitney, DeWitt Sage
Of Time, Tombs and Treasures James R. Messenger, Paul Raimondi
The Shetland Experience Douglas Gordon
1978
(51:a)
The Flight of the Gossamer Condor Jacqueline Phillips Shedd, Ben Shedd
The Divided Trail: A Native American Odyssey Jerry Aronson
An Encounter with Faces K.K. Kapil
Goodnight Miss Ann August Cinquegrana
Squires of San Quentin J. Gary Mitchell
1979
(52:a)
Paul Robeson: Tribute to an Artist Saul J. Turell
Dae Risto Teofilovski
Koryo Celadon Donald A. Connolly, James R. Messenger
Nails Phillip Borsos
Remember Me Dick Young

1980-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
1980
(53:e)
Karl Hess: Toward Liberty Roland Hallé, Peter W. Ladue
Don't Mess with Bill John Watson, Pen Densham
The Eruption of Mount St. Helens! George Casey
It's the Same World Dick Young
Luther Metke a los 94 Richard Hawkins, Jorge Preloran
1981
(54:e)
Close Harmony Nigel Noble
Americas in Transition Obie Benz
Journey for Survival Dick Young
See What I Say Linda Rogers-Ambury, Pam LeBlanc, Freddi Stevens
Urge to Build Roland Hallé, John Hoover
1982
(55:e)
If You Love This Planet Edward Le Lorrain, Terre Nash
Gods of Metal Robert Richter
The Klan: A Legacy of Hate in America Charles Guggenheim, Werner Schumann
To Live or Let Die Freida Lee Mock
Traveling Hopefully John G. Avildsen
1983
(56:e)
Flamenco at 5:15 Cynthia Scott, Adam Symansky
In the Nuclear Shadow: What Can the Children Tell Us? Vivienne Verdon-Roe, Eric Thiermann
Sewing Woman Arthur Dong
Spaces: The Architecture of Paul Rudolph Bob Eisenhardt
Ihr zent frei Dea Brokman, Ilene Landis
1984
(57:e)
The Stone Carvers Marjorie Hunt, Paul Wagner
The Children of Soong Ching Ling Gary Bush, Paul T.K. Lin
Code Gray: Ethical Dilemmas in Nursing Ben Achtenberg, Joan Sawyer
The Garden of Eden Lawrence R. Hott, Roger M. Sherman
Vospominaniye o Pavlovske Irina Kalinina
1985
(58:e)
Witness to War: Dr. Charlie Clements David Goodman
The Courage to Care Robert H. Gardner
Keats and His Nightingale: A Blind Date Michael Crowley, Jim Wolpaw
Making Overtures: The Story of a Community Orchestra Barbara Willis Sweete
The Wizard of the Strings Alan Edelstein
1986
(59:e)
Women - for America, for the World Vivienne Verdon-Roe
Debonair Dancers Alison Nigh-Strelich
The Masters of Disaster Sonya Friedman
Red Grooms: Sunflower in a Hothouse Thomas L. Neff, Madeline Bell
Sam Aaron D. Weisblatt
1987
(60:e)
Young at Heart Sue Marx, Pamela Conn
Frances Steloff: Memoirs of a Bookseller Deborah Dickson
In the Wee Wee Hours... Frank Daniel, Izak Ben-Meir
Language Says It All Megan Williams
Silver Into Gold Lynn Mueller
1988
(61:a)
You Don't Have to Die Bill Guttentag, Malcolm Clarke
The Children's Storefront Karen Goodman
The American Experience Lise Yasui, Ann Tegnell, för avsnittet "A Family Gathering (#2.3)"
Gang Cops Thomas B. Fleming, Daniel Marks
Portrait of Imogen Nancy Hale, Meg Partridge
1989
(62:a)
The Johnstown Flood Charles Guggenheim
Fine Food, Fine Pastries, Open 6 to 9 David Petersen
Yad Vashem: Preserving the Past to Ensure the Future Ray Errol Fox

1990-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
1990
(63:e)
Days of Waiting Steven Okazaki
Rose Kennedy: A Life to Remember Terry Sanders, Freida Lee Mock
Chimps: So Like Us Karen Goodman, Kirk Simon
Burning Down Tomorrow Kit Thomas
Journey into Life: The World of the Unborn Derek Bromhall
1991
(64:e)
Deadly Deception: General Electric, Nuclear Weapons and Our Environment Debra Chasnoff
A Little Vicious Immy Humes
The Mark of the Maker David McGowan
Birdnesters of Thailand Éric Valli, Alain Majani d'Inguimbert
Memorial: Letters from American Soldiers Bill Couturié, Bernard Edelman
1992
(65:e)
Educating Peter Thomas C. Goodwi (postum vinst), Gerardine Wurzburg
When Abortion Was Illegal: Untold Stories Dorothy Fadiman
At the Edge of Conquest: The Journey of Chief Wai-Wai Geoffrey O'Connor
Beyond Imagining: Margaret Anderson and the 'Little Review' Wendy L. Weinberg
The Colours of My Father: A Portrait of Sam Borenstein Richard Elson, Sally Bochner
1993
(66:e)
Defending Our Lives Margaret Lazarus, Renner Wunderlich
Chicks in White Satin Jason Schneider
Blood Ties: The Life and Work of Sally Mann Steven Cantor, Paul Dokuchitz, Mark Mori, Constance Van Flandern
1994
(67:e)
A Time for Justice Charles Guggenheim
Blues Highway Vince DiPersio, Bill Guttentag
89 mm od Europy Marcel Lozinski
School of the Americas Assassins Robert Richter
Straight from the Heart Dee Mosbacher, Frances Reid
1995
(68:e)
One Survivor Remembers Kary Antholis
Jim Dine: A Self-Portrait on the Walls Nancy Dine, Richard Stilwell
The Shadow of Hate Kary Antholis, Tia Lessin
The Living Sea Greg MacGillivray
Never Give Up: The 20th Century Odyssey of Herbert Zipper Freida Lee Mock, Terry Sanders
1996
(69:e)
Breathing Lessons: The Life and Work of Mark O'Brien Jessica Yu
Kosmos Jeffrey Marvin, Bayley Silleck
An Essay on Matisse Perry Wolff
Special Effects: Anything Can Happen Susanne Simpson, Ben Burtt
The Wild Bunch: An Album in Montage Paul Seydor, Nick Redman
1997
(70:e)
A Story of Healing Donna Dewey, Carol Pasternak
Alaska: Spirit of the Wild George Casey, Paul Novros
Amazon Kieth Merrill, Jonathan Stern
Family Video Diaries: Daughter of the Bride Terri Randall
Still Kicking: The Fabulous Palm Springs Follies Mel Damski, Andrea Blaugrund
1998
(71:a)
The Personals: Improvisations on Romance in the Golden Years Keiko Ibi
A Place in the Land The Woodstock Foundation, Inc.
Sunrise Over Tiananmen Square National Film Board of CanadaDon McWilliams
1999
(72:a)
King Gimp Susan Hannah Hadary, William A. Whiteford
Eyewitness Bert Van Bork
The Wildest Show in the South: The Angola Prison Rodeo Peter Ginsburg, Simeon Soffer, Jonathan Stack

2000-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
2000
(73:e)
Big Mama Tracy Seretean
Curtain Call Charles Braverman, Peter LeDonne
Dolphins Greg MacGillivray
On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom Leelai Demoz, Eric Simonson
The Man on Lincoln's Nose Jon Biddle, Emily Boyle, Patricia Hitchcock, Lawrence A. Mirisch, Daniel Raim
2001
(74:e)
Thoth Sarah Kernochan, Lynn Appelle
Artists and Orphans: A True Drama Lianne Klapper-McNally
Sing! Freida Lee Mock, Jessica Sanders
2002
(75:e)
Twin Towers Bill Guttentag, Robert David Port
The Collector of Bedford Street Welcome Change ProductionsAlice Elliott
Mighty Times: The Legacy of Rosa Parks Tell the Truth PicturesRobert Hudson
Why Can't We Be a Family Again? Roger Weisberg, Murray Nossel
2003
(76:e)
Chernobyl Heart Maryann DeLeo
Asylum Sandy McLeod, Gini Reticker
Ferry Tales Katja Esson
2004
(77:e)
Mighty Times: The Children's March Robert Hudson, Robert Houston
Autism Is a World Gerardine Wurzburg
The Children of Leningradsky Hanna Polak, Andrzej Celinski
Hardwood Hubert Davis, Erin Faith Young
Sister Rose's Passion Oren Jacoby, Steve Kalafer
2005
(78:e)
A Note of Triumph: The Golden Age of Norman Corwin Corinne Marrinan, Eric Simonson
The Life of Kevin Carter Dan Krauss
God Sleeps in Rwanda Kimberlee Acquaro, Stacy Sherman
The Mushroom Club Steven Okazaki
2006
(79:e)
The Blood of Yingzhou District Ruby Yang, Thomas Lennon
Recycled Life Leslie Iwerks, Mike Glad
Rehearsing a Dream Karen Goodman, Kirk Simon
Two Hands: The Leon Fleisher Story Nathaniel Kahn, Susan Rose Behr
2007
(80:e)
Freeheld Cynthia Wade, Vanessa Roth
La corona Amanda Micheli, Isabel Vega
Salim Baba Tim Sternberg, Francisco Bello
Sari's Mother James Longley
2008
(81:a)
Smile Pinki Megan Mylan
The Conscience of Nhem En Steven Okazaki
The Final Inch Sara Bernstein, Irene Taylor Brodsky, Tom Grant, Sophie Harris, Sheila Nevins
The Witness - From the Balcony of Room 306 Margaret Hyde
2009
(82:a)
Music by Prudence Roger Ross Williams, Elinor Burkett
China’s Unnatural Disaster: The Tears of Sichuan Province Jon Alpert, Matthew O'Neill
The Last Campaign of Governor Booth Gardner Daniel Junge, Henry Ansbacher
The Last Truck: Closing of a GM Plant Steven Bognar, Julia Reichert
Rabbit à la Berlin Bartosz Konopka, Anna Wydra

2010-talet[redigera | redigera wikitext]

År Film Producent(er)
2010
(83:e)
Strangers No More Karen Goodman, Kirk Simon
Killing in the Name Jed Rothstein
Poster Girl Sara Nesson
Sun Come Up Jennifer Redfearn, Tim Metzger
The Warriors of Qiugang Ruby Yang, Thomas Lennon
2011
(84:e)
Saving Face Daniel Junge, Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy
The Barber of Birmingham: Foot Soldier of the Civil Rights Movement Robin Fryday, Gail Dolgin
God Is the Bigger Elvis Rebecca Cammisa, Julie Anderson
Incident in New Baghdad James Spione
The Tsunami and the Cherry Blossom Lucy Walker, Kira Carstensen
2012
(85:e)
Inocente Sean Fine, Andrea Nix Fine
Kings Point Sari Gilman, Jedd Wider
Mondays at Racine Cynthia Wade, Robin Honan
Open Heart Kief Davidson, Cori Shepherd Stern
Redemption Jon Alpert, Matthew O'Neill
2013
(86:e)
The Lady In Number 6 Malcolm Clarke, Nicholas Reed
CaveDigger Jeffrey Karoff
Facing Fear Jason Cohen
Karama Has No Walls Sara Ishaq
Prison Terminal: The Last Days of Private Jack Hall Edgar Barens
2014
(87:e)
Crisis Hotline: Veterans Press 1 Ellen Goosenberg Kent, Dana Perry
Joanna Aneta Kopacz
Our Curse Tomasz Śliwiński, Maciej Ślesicki
The Reaper Gabriel Serra Arguello
White Earth J. Christian Jensen

Se även[redigera | redigera wikitext]