Football League First Division

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Football League First Division
Länder  England
Federation UEFA
Grundad 1888
Nedlagd 2004
Antal klubbar 24
Uppflyttning till Premier League (1992 - 2004)
Nedflyttning till Football League Second Division
Nivåer i seriepyramiden Nivå 1 (1882 - 1992
nivå 2 (1992 - 2004)
Nationella cuper FA-cupen
Engelska Ligacupen
Football League Trophy
Internationella cuper Europacupen (1956–1985, 1991–1992)
Cupvinnarcupen (1960–1985, 1990–1999)
UEFA Cup (1971–1985, 1990–2004)
Mäss-cupen (1955–1971)
Regerande mästare Nivå 1: Leeds United (1991/1992)
Nivå 2: Norwich City FC (2003/2004)
Flest ligatitlar Liverpool
(18 titlar)

Football League First Division eller First Division, på svenska Division 1) var en nationell liga som grundades inför säsongen 1888/1889 och existerade fram till slutet av säsongen 2003/2004 inom professionell fotboll i England. Fram till säsongen 1891/1892, då Football League Second Division grundades, benämndes ligan enbart som Football League. Den representerade fram till och med säsongen 1991/1992 den högsta nivån i Football League. Under perioden från säsongen 1992/1993 till och med säsongen 2003/2004, representerade ligan den andra nivån.

Från och med säsongen 2004/2005 benämns den högsta nivån inom det engelska ligasystemet som Premier League och den andra nivån för Football League Championship.

Ursprunligen var det ingen automatisk uppflyttning till Football League First Division utan det avgjordes via utslagsmatcher ("test matches") mellan de sist placerade lagen i Division 1 och de bästa placerade lagen i Division 2. Säsongen 1898/1899 etablerades automatisk uppflyttning av de två bäst placerade lagen i Division 2 till Division 1 samt nedflyttning av de två sämst placerade lagen i Division 1 till Division 2. Upp- och nedflyttning mellan Division 1 och 2 utökades till tre lag från och med 1974.

De ursprungliga lagen i First Division[redigera | redigera wikitext]

De ursprungliga 12 lagen som deltog då ligan grundades inför säsongen 1888/1889 var: Accrington, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Burnley, Derby County, Everton, Notts County, Preston North End, Stoke (nu Stoke City), West Bromwich Albion och Wolverhampton Wanderers),[1]

Ligan utökades under åren till dess slutliga 24 lag enligt följande:

Antal lag Från Till
12 1888 1891
14 1891 1892
16 1892 1898
18 1898 1905
20 1905 1915
22 1919 1987
21 1987 1988
20 1988 1991
22 1991 1992
24 1992

Ligavinnare First Divison[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Nedan följer listor med vinnare och uppflyttade lag per säsong:[1]

Säsongen 1888/1889 till 1992 (Nivå 1)[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Under den här perioden representerade First Division den högsta nivån av det engelska ligasystemet.

Säsong Mästare
(antal titlar)
Tvåa Trea Bästa målgörare Mål
1888–89 Preston North End[2] Aston Villa Wolverhampton Wanderers John Goodall (Preston North End) 21
1889–90 Preston North End (2) Everton Blackburn Rovers Jimmy Ross (Preston North End) 24
1890–91 Everton Preston North End Notts County Jack Southworth (Blackburn Rovers) 26
1891–92 Sunderland Preston North End Bolton Wanderers John Campbell (Sunderland) 32
1892–93 Sunderland (2) Preston North End Everton John Campbell (Sunderland) 31
1893–94 Aston Villa Sunderland Derby County Jack Southworth (Everton) 27
1894–95 Sunderland (3) Everton Aston Villa John Campbell (Sunderland) 22
1895–96 Aston Villa (2) Derby County Everton Johnny Campbell (Aston Villa)
Steve Bloomer (Derby County)
20
1896–97 Aston Villa (3) Sheffield United Derby County Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 22
1897–98 Sheffield United Sunderland Wolverhampton Wanderers Fred Wheldon (Aston Villa) 21
1898–99 Aston Villa (4) Liverpool Burnley Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 23
1899–1900 Aston Villa (5) Sheffield United Sunderland Billy Garraty (Aston Villa) 27
1900–01 Liverpool Sunderland Notts County Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 23
1901–02 Sunderland (4) Everton Newcastle United Jimmy Settle (Everton) 18
1902–03 The Wednesday[3] Aston Villa Sunderland Sam Raybould (Liverpool) 31
1903–04 The Wednesday (2)[3] Manchester City Everton Steve Bloomer (Derby County) 20
1904–05 Newcastle United Everton Manchester City Arthur Brown (Sheffield United) 22
1905–06 Liverpool (2) Preston North End The Wednesday Albert Shepherd (Bolton Wanderers) 26
1906–07 Newcastle United (2) Bristol City Everton Alex Young (Everton) 30
1907–08 Manchester United Aston Villa Manchester City Enoch West (Nottingham Forest) 27
1908–09 Newcastle United (3) Everton Sunderland Bert Freeman (Everton) 38
1909–10 Aston Villa (6) Liverpool Blackburn Rovers Jack Parkinson (Liverpool) 30
1910–11 Manchester United (2) Aston Villa Sunderland Albert Shepherd (Newcastle United) 25
1911–12 Blackburn Rovers Everton Newcastle United Harry Hampton (Aston Villa)
George Holley (Sunderland)
David McLean (The Wednesday)
25
1912–13 Sunderland (5) Aston Villa The Wednesday David McLean (The Wednesday) 30
1913–14 Blackburn Rovers (2) Aston Villa Middlesbrough George Elliot (Middlesbrough) 32
1914–15 Everton (2) Oldham Athletic Blackburn Rovers Bobby Parker (Everton) 35
1915–1919 Uppehåll i ligaspelet på grund av Första världskriget
1919–20 West Bromwich Albion Burnley Chelsea Fred Morris (West Bromwich Albion) 37
1920–21 Burnley Manchester City Bolton Wanderers Joe Smith (Bolton Wanderers) 38
1921–22 Liverpool (3) Tottenham Hotspur Burnley Andy Wilson (Middlesbrough) 31
1922–23 Liverpool (4) Sunderland Huddersfield Town Charlie Buchan (Sunderland) 30
1923–24 Huddersfield Town Cardiff City Sunderland Wilf Chadwick (Everton) 28
1924–25 Huddersfield Town (2) West Bromwich Albion Bolton Wanderers Frank Roberts (Manchester City) 31
1925–26 Huddersfield Town (3) Arsenal Sunderland Ted Harper (Blackburn Rovers) 43
1926–27 Newcastle United (4) Huddersfield Town Sunderland Jimmy Trotter (The Wednesday) 37
1927–28 Everton (3) Huddersfield Town Leicester City Dixie Dean (Everton) 60
1928–29 The Wednesday (3)[3] Leicester City Aston Villa Dave Halliday (Sunderland) 43
1929–30 Sheffield Wednesday (4) Derby County Manchester City Vic Watson (West Ham United) 41
1930–31 Arsenal Aston Villa Sheffield Wednesday Tom Waring (Aston Villa) 49
1931–32 Everton (4) Arsenal Sheffield Wednesday Dixie Dean (Everton) 44
1932–33 Arsenal (2) Aston Villa Sheffield Wednesday Jack Bowers (Derby County) 35
1933–34 Arsenal (3) Huddersfield Town Tottenham Hotspur Jack Bowers (Derby County) 34
1934–35 Arsenal (4) Sunderland Sheffield Wednesday Ted Drake (Arsenal) 42
1935–36 Sunderland (6) Derby County Huddersfield Town W. G. Richardson (West Bromwich Albion) 39
1936–37 Manchester City Charlton Athletic Arsenal Freddie Steele (Stoke City) 33
1937–38 Arsenal (5) Wolverhampton Wanderers Preston North End Tommy Lawton (Everton) 28
1938–39 Everton (5) Wolverhampton Wanderers Charlton Athletic Tommy Lawton (Everton) 35
1939–46 Uppehåll i ligaspelet på grund av Andra världskriget
1946–47 Liverpool (5) Manchester United Wolverhampton Wanderers Dennis Westcott (Wolverhampton Wanderers) 37
1947–48 Arsenal (6) Manchester United Burnley Ronnie Rooke (Arsenal) 33
1948–49 Portsmouth Manchester United Derby County Willie Moir (Bolton Wanderers) 25
1949–50 Portsmouth (2) Wolverhampton Wanderers Sunderland Dickie Davis (Sunderland) 25
1950–51 Tottenham Hotspur Manchester United Blackpool Stan Mortensen (Blackpool) 30
1951–52 Manchester United (3) Tottenham Hotspur Arsenal George Robledo (Newcastle United) 33
1952–53 Arsenal (7) Preston North End Wolverhampton Wanderers Charlie Wayman (Preston North End) 24
1953–54 Wolverhampton Wanderers West Bromwich Albion Huddersfield Town Jimmy Glazzard (Huddersfield Town) 29
1954–55 Chelsea Wolverhampton Wanderers Portsmouth Ronnie Allen (West Bromwich Albion) 27
1955–56 Manchester United (4) Blackpool Wolverhampton Wanderers Nat Lofthouse (Bolton Wanderers) 33
1956–57 Manchester United (5) Tottenham Hotspur Preston North End John Charles (Leeds United) 38
1957–58 Wolverhampton Wanderers (2) Preston North End Tottenham Hotspur Bobby Smith (Tottenham Hotspur) 36
1958–59 Wolverhampton Wanderers (3) Manchester United Arsenal Jimmy Greaves (Chelsea) 33
1959–60 Burnley (2) Wolverhampton Wanderers Tottenham Hotspur Dennis Viollet (Manchester United) 32
1960–61 Tottenham Hotspur (2) Sheffield Wednesday Wolverhampton Wanderers Jimmy Greaves (Chelsea) 41
1961–62 Ipswich Town Burnley Tottenham Hotspur Ray Crawford (Ipswich Town)
Derek Kevan (West Bromwich Albion)
33
1962–63 Everton (6) Tottenham Hotspur Burnley Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur) 37
1963–64 Liverpool (6) Manchester United Everton Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur) 35
1964–65 Manchester United (6) Leeds United Chelsea Andy McEvoy (Blackburn Rovers)
Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur)
29
1965–66 Liverpool (7) Leeds United Burnley Willie Irvine (Burnley) 29
1966–67 Manchester United (7) Nottingham Forest Tottenham Hotspur Ron Davies (Southampton) 37
1967–68 Manchester City (2) Manchester United Liverpool George Best (Manchester United)
Ron Davies (Southampton)
28
1968–69 Leeds United Liverpool Everton Jimmy Greaves (Tottenham Hotspur) 27
1969–70 Everton (7) Leeds United Chelsea Jeff Astle (West Bromwich Albion) 25
1970–71 Arsenal (8) Leeds United Tottenham Hotspur Tony Brown (West Bromwich Albion) 28
1971–72 Derby County Leeds United Liverpool Francis Lee (Manchester City) 33
1972–73 Liverpool (8)[4] Arsenal Leeds United Pop Robson (West Ham United) 28
1973–74 Leeds United (2) Liverpool Derby County Mick Channon (Southampton) 21
1974–75 Derby County (2) Liverpool Ipswich Town Malcolm Macdonald (Newcastle United) 21
1975–76 Liverpool (9)[4] Queens Park Rangers Manchester United Ted MacDougall (Norwich City) 23
1976–77 Liverpool (10)[5] Manchester City Ipswich Town Malcolm Macdonald (Arsenal)
Andy Gray (Aston Villa)
25
1977–78 Nottingham Forest[6] Liverpool Everton Bob Latchford (Everton) 30
1978–79 Liverpool (11) Nottingham Forest West Bromwich Albion Frank Worthington (Bolton Wanderers) 24
1979–80 Liverpool (12) Manchester United Ipswich Town Phil Boyer (Southampton) 23
1980–81 Aston Villa (7) Ipswich Town Arsenal Peter Withe (Aston Villa)
Steve Archibald (Tottenham Hotspur)
20
1981–82 [7] Liverpool (13)[6] Ipswich Town Manchester United Kevin Keegan (Southampton) 26
1982–83 Liverpool (14)[6] Watford Manchester United Luther Blissett (Watford) 27
1983–84 Liverpool (15)[5][6] Southampton Nottingham Forest Ian Rush (Liverpool) 32
1984–85 Everton (8)[8] Liverpool Tottenham Hotspur Kerry Dixon (Chelsea)
Gary Lineker (Leicester City)
24
1985–86 Liverpool (16) Everton West Ham United Gary Lineker (Everton) 30
1986–87 Everton (9) Liverpool Tottenham Hotspur Clive Allen (Tottenham Hotspur) 33
1987–88 Liverpool (17) Manchester United Nottingham Forest John Aldridge (Liverpool) 26
1988–89 Arsenal (9) Liverpool Nottingham Forest Alan Smith (Arsenal) 23
1989–90 Liverpool (18) Aston Villa Tottenham Hotspur Gary Lineker (Tottenham Hotspur) 24
1990–91 Arsenal (10) Liverpool Crystal Palace Alan Smith (Arsenal) 22
1991–92 Leeds United (3) Manchester United Sheffield Wednesday Ian Wright (Crystal Palace/Arsenal) 29

Siffran inom parentes anger klubbens totala antal ligamästerskap fram till den säsongen.

Ligans motsvarighet i dagens ligastuktur är Premier League.

Perioden 1992 till 2004 (Nivå 2)[redigera | redigera wikitext]

Under den här perioden representerade First Division den andra nivån av det engelska ligasystemet.

Säsong Vinnare Tvåa Playoffvinnare
1992–93 Newcastle United (2) West Ham United Swindon Town
1993–94 Crystal Palace (2) Nottingham Forest Leicester City
1994–95 Middlesbrough (4) Reading (ej uppflyttade) Bolton Wanderers
1995–96 Sunderland (2) Derby County Leicester City
1996–97 Bolton Wanderers (3) Barnsley Crystal Palace
1997–98 Nottingham Forest (3) Middlesbrough Charlton Athletic
1998–99 Sunderland (3) Bradford City Watford
1999–2000 Charlton Athletic Manchester City Ipswich Town
2000–01 Fulham (2) Blackburn Rovers Bolton Wanderers
2001–02 Manchester City (7) West Bromwich Albion Birmingham City
2002–03 Portsmouth Leicester City Wolverhampton Wanderers
2003–04 Norwich City (3) West Bromwich Albion Crystal Palace

Siffran inom parentes anger antal segrar i ligan vid den tidpunkten.

Ligans motsvarighet i dagens ligastuktur är Football League Championship.


Referenser[redigera | redigera wikitext]